death penalty in pakistan

We need it a deterrent as our society isn't scared of committing any crime. Blasphemy is punishable by death in Pakistan, but critics say it is being used to muzzle government critics. For more information, please see our Comments FAQ. But the penalty was unlikely to be carried out. Pakistan not only has the death penalty for grievous crimes like murder, it is prepared to hang people for a total of 27 separate offences. Nonsense. @Sridhar Raghunatha Rao, I would like to be enlightened about this particular episode of our common history which I am totally unaware of. Sports. Whereas the Mughals did not have many formal prison systems, the building of new and improved prisons marked the entry of the British into the Indian subcontinent.20 In her book Prisoner Voices from Death Row, Reena Mary George indicates, ‘Prisons continue to be located and structured more or less as they were in colonial times. While Amnesty’s report only covered the year 2015, since 2014 Pakistan has hanged at least 389 death row inmates. From 1967 to 2014, over 1,300 people have been accused of blasphemy, with Muslims constituting most of those accused. Taimoor Raza handed first-ever death sentence for insulting Prophet Muhammad on social media, amid blasphemy crackdown. The current Code of Criminal Procedure was introduced in 1898 but draws from the very first code of 1861 that followed the 1857 Indian rebellion.24 Its intent was to control Indians. A Christian in Pakistan is facing an imminent death penalty for a theological posting on Facebook that authorities considered an “insult to Mohammed.”. Pakistan and the Death Penalty Pakistan remains a retentionist country, after it lifted its moratorium on executions in December 2014. We do not, and perhaps can not, find such noble considerations in our present legal system. Pakistan and the Death Penalty. Time and again, scholars indicate that executions helped ‘consolidate imperial rule and eradicate resistance against it’.30 These often took the form of public spectacles to dissuade dissenters and others from rising up. Pakistan has sentenced 4,500 people to death since 2004 and executed 496 since it lifted a moratorium on death penalty in 2014, a report by a nonprofit said Thursday. Data on Pakistan’s use of the death penalty, compiled by our partner Justice Project Pakistan, paints a distressing picture of the country’s criminal justice system—and makes an effective case for reform. Pakistan's death row population currently stands at 4,688. It's purely according to Sharia law. Any change that has been made has been incorporated somewhat clumsily into the old system that basically served the triple colonial aims of order, economy and efficiency’.21, The first formal placing of capital punishment in the legal system, though, came when the Governor-General of the India Council enacted the Indian Penal Code in 1860.22 The law, drafted by a group of Britishers making up the Law Commission, did not attempt to integrate any traditional Indian legal systems and instead, as the historian David Skuy notes, ‘the entire codification practice represented the transplantation of English law to India, complete with lawyers and judges’.23 Since English law at the time was not itself uniform, this was a first attempt to create such a standard body of law. The death penalty in Pakistan Flowers from the muck. As … 513-557. The Pakistani penal code does not specify death penalty for apostasy; Pakistan is however ruled by Sharia law and Sharia courts are theoretically in a … Pakistan is believed to have the largest number of death row inmates in the world. Death sentence is indeed a barbaric act, but it also has a good side, it acts as a deterrent for people committing heinous acts. DATA AND METHODOLOGY The prevalence of juveniles on Pakistan’s death row is a matter of the gravest concern. Health. It focuses on how capital punishment impacts some of the most vulnerable populations: juveniles, the mentally ill, persons with physical disabilities, low-wage migrant workers imprisoned in foreign jails and the working class. The correct figures, based on the 2013 Pew Research Center report, are 88% of Muslims in Egypt and 62% of Muslims in Pakistan favor the death penalty for people who leave the Muslim religion. But I still await freedom. These public displays, in fact, sometimes drew from the harsh means of executions used by the Mughals before them. The death penalty is the ultimate cruel, inhuman and degrading punishment. JUVENILES ON PAKISTAN’S DEATH ROW II. 22 Mar 2017 In Pakistan, a shrine to murder for ‘blasphemy’ The following is an excerpt from Justice Project Pakistan’s (JPP) book, The Death Penalty in Pakistan: A Critical Review, to be launched on July 11, 2019 in Islamabad. The court handed 3 sentences of the death penalty to Chartered Accountant Ayaz under section 367-A of the Pakistan Penal Code (PPC) - for deceitfully taking the victims to his house, confining them, administering them with intoxicants such as ice (crystal methamphetamine) and then raping them. Articles. The government said in October that 6,016 prisoners were awaiting execution - … 27 C. Mohan Gopal, ‘Colonial Legacy’, Frontline, March 8, 2013. They include three children, political opponents, clerics, and human rights campaigners. The death penalty in England itself was inherently problematic. However, the writer should be aware that Islam advocates the death penalty as well, and that forms the basis of the death penalty in Pakistan. Along with increasing the number of convicts and prisons and instating harsh laws, the British increased the number and frequency of executions in the country significantly. Gen Musharraf, who has always denied any wrongdoing, was allowed to leave Pakistan in 2016 on medical grounds and is … In Pakistan, a special tribunal tried and convicted the nation’s former leader, General Pervez Musharraf (pictured), of high treason and sentenced him to death. That data is now publicly available so that anyone calling for change can ground their advocacy and research in accurate information. When the moratorium on the death penalty nearly lapsed in August of 2013, the Justice Project Pakistan (JPP) and Reprieve interviewed 30 of the prisoners who were first in line for execution. Relying on public records for multiple JPP clients sentenced to death, nearly a decade of experience in the field, as well as extensive experience with legislation and advocacy, this book tracks the many junctures at which violations occur, from arrest to sentencing to execution. 29 Clare Anderson, ‘Execution and its Aftermath in the Nineteenth Century British Empire’, University of Leicester, last accessed August 17, 2018. Pakistan: Death penalty for blasphemy on Facebook. Capital punishment was used extensively in colonial India by the British Empire to control its colonial subjects. As the Mughal Empire fell, the British took control and established the Indian subcontinent as its colony until both Pakistan and India gained independence in 1947. 32, No. Express Tribune. The use of the death penalty as a political weapon was on display in late December 2019 in an extraordinary series of four unrelated cases in Pakistan and the Middle East. The death penalty debate is currently raging in Pakistan. Updated 08 Oct, 2019 02:14pm. Supporters of former Pakistani military ruler General Pervez Musharraf protest a court's death … Jul 14th 2016 Trials: On Death … Pervez Musharraf death penalty: Former Pakistan President General Pervez Musharraf was on Tuesday sentenced to death by a special court in … Capital punishment was used extensively in colonial India by the British Empire to control its colonial subjects. Pursuant to its 2008 Universal Periodic Review of human rights in Pakistan, the Human Rights Council enumerated no recommendations regarding the death penalty; however, throughout the Council’s final report, member nations expressed serious concern about the application of the death penalty in Pakistan, referencing its use to punish blasphemy, religious violations such as all non-marital … Since the reinstatement of the death penalty in Pakistan in 2014 after Peshawar massacre about 470 had been executed. LAHORE: Human Rights Commission of Pakistan staged a demonstration against death penalty on the World Day against the death penalty, October … Death penalty for former Pakistan leader thrown out . Since then, the country has become one of the biggest executioners, with at least 14 executions carried out, more than 250 death sentences given … Figures from the Justice Project Pakistan show … Use keywords such as name of the city, jail, prisoner, crime, etc. These routine post-mortems became one of the sets of grievances that led to the Great Indian Rebellion of 1857.33, At the same time, the British put in place numerous due process guarantees. Islamabad, Dec 17: Pakistan's ex-military ruler Pervez Musharraf was on Tuesday sentenced to death in the high treason case by a special court … Pakistan will be introducing stern punishments including chemical castration and death penalty for rapists, Law Minister Farogh Naseem said Tuesday, as the country struggles to fight the menace. A three-judge Bench of a special court in Pakistan handed over the death penalty to Pakistan’s former President Parvez Musharraf on December 17 for suspending Constitution and imposing emergency in the country in 2007.. The ratio of heinous of offences across Pakistan has not been decreased despite of reinstatement of the death penalty. Pakistan had reinstated the brutal and inhuman punishment with intention of combating terrorism. The prime minister of Pakistan has lifted a moratorium on the death penalty in the wake of the massacre by the Taliban at a school in the city of Peshawar in which 142 people were killed. Its not right to compare the capital punishment of colonial era with current situation. The Pakistan Penal Code, the main criminal code of Pakistan, punishes blasphemy (Urdu: قانون توہین رسالت ‎) against any recognized religion, providing penalties ranging from a fine to death. However, problems persisted: ‘the drop was often too short, and criminals were on occasion hanged weighed down with heavy fetters on their legs’.36. And though there are multiple cases where the British commuted capital punishment, they often did this in face of a worse punishment of transportation and indentured servitude elsewhere, believing that forcing Indians to move would severely affect their religious practices, funerary rights, and caste structures, and thereby constitute a form of social death.32 Often, the British would use the bodies of dead prisoners for research – medical or otherwise. Although Pakistan had never abolished the death penalty, it had imposed a moratorium on executions back in 2008. Other than these public spectacles, hangings for common crimes from murder to theft to refusal to work were also used to teach the colonised a ‘lesson’.31 While the actual number of executions was roughly the same in Britain and India, the difference was that these deaths were public and directly a way to assert dominance and repress insubordination to curb challenges to the British Raj. One example is the blowing up of Indian soldiers by cannons for mutiny. Unless otherwise stated, all content is Sohail Anwer January 23, 2014 Amnesty International opposes the death penalty in all cases without exception - regardless of who is accused, the nature or circumstances of the crime, guilt or innocence or method of execution. Books & arts Jul 14th 2016 edition. ... Nigeria, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, South Sudan, Sudan, the USA and Yemen. I have read about an episode about Palam village grant by Emperor Akbar, and how gracefully and humanly he delivered the judgment, by withdrawing his own order. A moratorium on executions was imposed in 2008. The figures, given at the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva, come despite kingdom's pledge to reduce the use of the death penalty. Data on Pakistan’s use of the death penalty, compiled by our partner Justice Project Pakistan, paints a distressing picture of the country’s criminal justice system—and makes an effective case for reform. Death penalty in Pakistan: A colonial residue. Is the death penalty a solution? But I disagree with the writer that the death penalty is a remnant of the colonial era. After a trial period that stretched over a year, he was convicted of the offense in March of 2014. FILE - In this Monday, April 15, 2013 file photo, Pakistan's former President and military ruler Pervez Musharraf addresses his party supporters at his house in Islamabad, Pakistan. @Fawad ur Rahman, truth at last from someone! There are at least 80 people in prison in Pakistan accused of blasphemy, with half facing life sentences or the death penalty, the United States Commission on … Concerns about the use of the death penalty are long-standing. In 2018, the country killed 149 people, with 46 left on death row by the end of the year. Seeing its rise in the industrial era, a sentence of death was the penalty for hundreds of offences from pickpocketing to cutting down a tree to being out at night with a black face to rape and murder.37 It was only after sustained activism that the death penalty was narrowed down by 1861 from 200 offences to 4. Capital punishment if rightly decided and executed will control criminal and crime in society. Since the Foreign Office began funding Capri, the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan’s death penalty database shows courts sentenced 31 people to death … Until, British colonial rule started, the Mughal Emperors themselves were officiating as Supreme Judges and awarding punishments. So what if it is colonial or not. that death penalty be resumed for all capital offences.3 There was a 73% decline in executions from 2015 to 2016. If British had abolished capital punishment and were widely perceived as kind and just and incapable of inflicting cruelty on their subjects then they would not have lasted even a full year. Search tips. 518 people executed in Pakistan since December 2014 4,225 people on death row in Pakistan Search and filter this map of executions. As part of several reform movements in 1837, the Colonial Office sought to reconcile law on capital punishment in England with that in the colonies, but inconsistencies remained.34 As Britain sought to prove its ‘civilizing’ mission, the push for reforms intensified, but in many ways, this did not reach the colonies they were intended to benefit and the ‘theater of execution’ continued in the Indian subcontinent.35 When makeshift gallows were proved prone to botched executions, the British, under heavy criticism, set up new and improved ones. Since lifting its moratorium on the death penalty in 2014, Pakistan has become one of the world’s leading executioners. Not only has the moratorium on death penalty been lifted, the number of crimes punishable with death have also increased in Pakistan. The government, however, decided to resume state-sanctioned executions after the tragic Army Public School massacre at the end of last year. Several of these countries have changed their laws to exclude the practice. A culmination of 10 years of JPP’s work, the book documents the many ways in which Pakistan's application of the death penalty intersects with legal, social and political realities. 22 Divya Metha, ‘Capital Punishment in India: Life, Death and Rebirth?’, Brown Political Review, November 29, 2016. It seems the book writer do not know the complete history of capital punishment in subcontinent. 3 (July, 1998): pp. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, The hastily handed death sentence means a prisoner spends an average of 11 years on death row. 37 ‘A brief history of capital punishment in Britain’, Historyextra, March 27, 2018. Asian Studies Vol. Since lifting the moratorium, Pakistan has executed 500 people in 4 years. Thanks in advance. Death penises for those who blaspheme in Pakistan (Reference photo: REUTERS). Most of the laws and structures currently in place in Pakistan including those related to criminal justice and the legal system date to colonial times. Since the reinstatement of the death penalty in Pakistan in 2014 after Peshawar massacre about 470 had been executed. Pakistan News Service Since 2002 Monday, 04 January 2021 Top News. In fact, by the 1920s, fearing that they were losing their grip on the Empire, the British executed an average of 3 people every day.28 According to one scholar, Anderson, ‘capital punishment was used extensively in colonial India by the British Empire to control its colonial subjects and reinforce its sovereignty’, particularly ‘given to the lower caste and class’.29 This discriminatory trend persists to this day such that a vast majority of those on death row are from marginalised communities with poor socio-economic backgrounds. I agree that the colonials used the death penalty indiscriminately for repression of the locals and to instill fear in the population. @Veer , where have you seen any evidence that supports your theory? The legal system in Pakistan is flawed, no one can deny that. Previously, the death penalty was banned in Pakistan and criminals were very confident that they can come out of jails after some time and again get involved in similar activities on a much larger scale. Source:Supplied Around midday, dehydrated and sweltering in the sun, Bibi walked to the nearby well to have a drink of water. But the penalty was unlikely to be carried out. Some 27 crimes carry the death sentence in Pakistan, including terrorism, rape and adultery. The writer is author of the book Development, Poverty and Power in Pakistan, available from Routledge, The death penalty debate is currently raging in Pakistan. Explore Justice Project Pakistan's Death Penalty Database. Every regime in the subcontinent applied the death penalty, long before the British came. 1 Gishkori, Zahid. The moratorium was lifted fully after the massacre of 132 students and 9 … ‘CrPC was enacted after 1857 mutiny’, ‘Execution and its Aftermath in the Nineteenth Century British Empire’. Islamabad. Malaysia announced a moratorium on executions and a review of its death penalty laws. Concerns about the use of the death penalty are long-standing. LAHORE: Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) on Saturday tabled a resolution in the Punjab Assembly seeking death penalty for those involved in corruption. Since the time that the moratorium has been lifted, however, nearly a. As of December 2019, at least 17 people convicted of blasphemy were still on death row," the Human Rights Commission said in its report. No executions occurred from 2009 to 2011, with 1 in 2012 and 0 in 2013. 24 TNN, ‘CrPC was enacted after 1857 mutiny’, The Times of India, May 5, 2008. Iran has executed more than twice as many child offenders as the other nine countries combined. 20 Reena Mary George, Prisoner Voices from Death Row Indian Experiences, (New York: Routledge, 2016). redistributed or derived from. The New Indian Express reports Sawan Masih was given the death penalty by the Lahore High Court after allegedly insulting the Prophet Muhammad while talking with a Muslim friend in the Joseph Christian colony of the city of Lahore. The death penalty in Pakistan is exceedingly used as a political tool, research conducted by the Justice Project Pakistan has found. The death penalty is in direct violation of the right to life, and even freedom of speech, due to the blasphemy laws surrounding the penalty. 23 David Skuy, ‘Macaulay and the Indian Penal Code of 1862: The Myth of the Inherent Superiority and Modernity of the English Legal System Compared to India’s Legal System in the Nineteenth Century’, Modern While the British altered the modes of carrying out death sentences and made hanging the norm,19 they also made it so that capital punishment was administered more readily and frequently. In fact, these codes made the death penalty the automatic punishment for murder with life imprisonment as the exception rather than vice versa.26 The primary justification of the death penalty itself today stems from the time [the parts that now constitute] Pakistan was still a colony, namely ‘the belief that common people can be made to obey the law only through fear instilled by harsh punishment’.27 This belief persists despite reputable empirical evidence to the contrary and influences public opinion on the death penalty to this day. A well-observed account of Pakistan’s death penalty and how it works. 19 Treating Indians as automatically of a lower class, they did not consider beheading which in Britain itself was reserved for upper class men and women. Tribune Corner. The government, however, decided to resume state-sanctioned executions after the tragic Army Public School massacre at the end of last year. Comments are moderated and generally will be posted if they are on-topic and not abusive. Asia Bibi may face the death penalty under Pakistan’s blasphemy laws. Pakistan has faced international criticism for lifting the moratorium for not one, but 27 different crimes. by Rabia Ahmed, (Last Updated September 19, 2020) Capital punishment should not be an option in Pakistan A just society is one in which citizens fully comprehend the result of committing an offence; in which citizens know that if they break the law they will be apprehended and punished. Pakistan’s use of the death penalty has failed to deter crime and curb terrorism, it claims. “8,261 prisoners: Hanging in the balance”. This is not a colonial residue. Gen Musharraf, who has always denied any wrongdoing, was allowed to leave Pakistan in 2016 on medical grounds and is … Before Britain it was also in practice during various eras. 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